Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and salts that build up inside the kidneys. They are also referred to as renal calculi, urolithiasis, or nephrolithiasis. Sometimes, kidney stone pain can be extremely severe.

A variety of variables, including food, obesity, specific medical conditions, and some dietary supplements and medications, can cause the production of kidney stones. The bladder and the kidneys are two places in the urinary tract where kidney stones can form. Urine that has become overly concentrated to the point where minerals can crystallize and clump together is the main cause of kidney stone pain.

Kidney stones can be difficult to move through, but if they are found and treated right away, they frequently do not result in lasting harm. It can be enough for you to take painkillers and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone. However, your particular situation will determine how this works. In some circumstances, such as when stones become lodged in the urinary tract, when they are linked to an infection of the bladder, or when they cause problems, surgical removal of the stones may be necessary.

If your doctor finds that you have a high risk of developing kidney stone symptoms, they can advise that you receive preventative care to lessen that risk.

Kidney Stone Pain Symptoms:

Typically, a kidney stone won’t start to cause kidney stone symptoms until it has moved around in the kidney or entered one of the ureters. The kidneys and bladder are connected by tubes called ureters. Ureters connect the bladder and kidneys.

The obstruction of urine flow caused by a kidney stone that has moved into one of the ureters and been lodged there can cause the affected kidney to enlarge and both of which can be extremely painful, the ureter to spasm. You may then start to experience the following kidney stone symptoms:

  • Extremely sharp, piercing pain in the side, back, and right below the ribs.
  • An uneasy feeling that travels from the lower abdomen to the groin.
  • A constant throbbing pain that varies widely in intensity and comes and goes.
  • You can feel pain or a burning feeling when urinating.

The following additional kidney stone symptoms could also exist:

  • A pink, crimson, or dark urine.
  • Urine that is cloudy or smells sour.
  • Overactive bladder symptoms include a continual need to urinate, urinating more frequently than usual, or passing less urine than usual.
  • Illness and vomiting.
  • Fever and chills may indicate the presence of an infection.

What are the First Signs of Kidney Stones?

As a kidney stone moves down your urinary system, the severe pain that comes with it will change. The areas of your body where you are most likely to feel pain are as follows:

  • Lower abdominal area or the groin.
  • Behind the knees.
  • Down one side of your body, beneath one of your rib cages.

Even though pain is, without a doubt, the symptom of kidney stones that stands out the most, it is not always the initial sign of the ailment or even the sign that best describes it.

What are Kidney Stones' Early Symptoms?

The kidney stone pain comes in waves and passes from one region to another.

A kidney stone pain may intensify in various ways as it moves through your urinary tract. For instance, the discomfort could change location or become noticeably worse.

Main Causes Behind Kidney Stone Pain:

There are many causes of stone pain so first consult the doctor. Though, treatment depends on the patient’s situation and a number of other aspects. Additionally, not one treatment option is suitable for every patient so you can get a second opinion from ilios health.

Low Urine Volume Factors

A chronically reduced urine volume is one of the most significant risk factors for kidney stone pain. Low urine volume can be caused by dehydration, which is the loss of body fluids. Exercise that is too arduous, living or working in a hot area, or not drinking enough fluids can all lead to dehydration. When the urine volume is less, the urine is more concentrated and darker in color. Less liquid is available to keep the salts dissolved when urine is concentrated. Your urine’s salt content will dilute when you increase the fluid you consume. By doing this, you will reduce your risk of developing kidney stone symptoms.

Adults at risk for kidney stone symptoms ought to aim to drink enough liquids daily to yield at least 2.5 liters (2/3 gallon) of urine. On average, this will necessitate a daily hydration intake of about 3 liters (100 ounces). Water is, without a doubt, the finest fluid to drink. However, the amount of fluid consumed is what matters most.


Diet can have an impact on a person’s likelihood of causing kidney stone symptoms as well. One of the more frequent causes of calcium kidney stone pain is increased calcium in the urine. High calcium levels in the urine could result from how your body handles calcium. It is only sometimes related to how much calcium you get from your diet. Most of the time, lowering the calcium intake in one’s diet won’t stop stones from forming. According to studies, restricting calcium in the diet might be bad for the health of one’s bones and increase the chance of kidney stones. Healthcare experts advise patients to limit the amount of calcium in their diet to reduce the amount of calcium excreted in the urine. However, calcium shouldn’t be consumed in excess.

Instead of reducing the amount of calcium you take through your diet, your doctor may reduce the quantity of calcium in your urine by reducing the amount of sodium (salt) you ingest. One of the risk factors for getting calcium stones is consuming too much salt in one’s diet. Because too much salt is secreted in the urine, calcium cannot be reabsorbed and returned to the bloodstream. By consuming less salt in your diet, you can reduce the amount of calcium in your urine while lowering your risk of developing calcium stones.

Bowel Movement

When someone has an intestine problem that causes diarrhea, like Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, or when they undergo surgery, their risk of getting calcium oxalate kidney stones rises (such as gastric bypass surgery). When you have diarrhea, your body may lose a substantial amount of fluid, resulting in less urine production. Additionally, your body can take in too much oxalate from the gut, producing more oxalate in the urine. Lack of urine volume and high oxalate levels can contribute to the development of calcium oxalate kidney stone pain.


If you consume calcium and vitamin C supplements, together with some medications, you may be at an increased risk of getting stones. You must inform your healthcare provider about the drugs and supplements you take because they may increase or decrease your risk of developing kidney stone pain. Unless expressly instructed to do so by your doctor or another licensed healthcare provider, please do not stop taking any of them.


Obesity is a risk factor that can lead to the formation of kidney stone symptoms. Obesity can cause fluctuations in the urine’s acid content, which can facilitate the development of kidney stones.

Medical Issues

Patients who suffer from particular medical conditions are more susceptible to developing kidney stone pain. The abnormal growth of one or more of the parathyroid glands, which control the body’s calcium metabolism, can result in high calcium levels in the blood and urine. The kidneys may develop stones as a result of this. An elevated incidence of calcium phosphate kidney stones has also been associated with a condition known as distal renal tubular acidosis, in which there is a buildup of acid in the body.

Other uncommon diseases can be inherited, making certain stones more likely to form. Examples of this include primary hyperoxaluria, in which the liver creates an excessively high proportion of oxalate, and cystinuria, in which there is an abnormally high concentration of the amino acid cystine in the urine.

The Family's History

If a family member, such as a parent or sibling, has already experienced kidney stone symptoms, there is a considerably higher chance that you may as well.

How are Kidney Stone Pain Identified Clinically?

Your doctor will ask you about any previous illnesses you’ve had, and they may opt to order some tests. Let’s talk about some basic tests that your doctor might do to make a diagnosis, if you’re not sure, get a second opinion.

The following tests are among them:

  • Imaging tests: Using an X-ray, CT scan, and ultrasound, your healthcare provider can more clearly see the size, shape, location, and number of kidney stones. These tests will help your doctor choose the most effective treatment for your kidney stone pain.
  • Blood test: A blood test will show the health of your kidneys, as well as check for infection and look for metabolic problems that might cause kidney stones.
  • Urine test: This test looks for signs of infection and measures the levels of substances that can lead to kidney stones. This examination also examines the patient’s urine along with the Kidney stone symptoms.

What Kind of Care is Required to Ease Kidney Stone Pain?

Your healthcare provider will determine which therapy you need for kidney stone pain after making a diagnosis. Some smaller kidney stones may move out of your system through urination. This can be an unpleasant experience. If your doctor identifies the kidney stone symptoms and you need treatment, you can choose between medication and surgery.


 In some cases, medication may be advised for those who:

  • Your doctor might suggest you take an over-the-counter painkiller like ibuprofen or an intravenous narcotic if you find yourself in the emergency room.
  • Control nausea and vomiting.
  • To allow the stones to pass through your ureter, you need to relax it. Nifedipine and tamsulosin are two drugs regularly suggested to patients.


To seek kidney stone pain relief the primary care physician should be consulted before taking any medication like ibuprofen. Additionally, it’s necessary for patients to consult the best doctors second opinion in case of any symptoms. You run a higher risk of developing renal failure if you take this drug while having a severe episode of kidney stone symptoms. This is particularly valid for people with a history of renal illness and its companion diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.